Tourism Industry Aotearoa has claimed the Productivity Commission has correctly identified the challenges faced by local councils in responding to visitor growth, but needs to rethink its proposed solutions.
The Productivity Commission is conducting an inquiry into local government funding and financing. How councils can most effectively support the visitor economy is one of the areas it is looking at. In its draft report, the Commission suggested using bed taxes, supported by funding from the new International Visitor Levy and greater user-pays.
In its submission to the draft report, TIA argues that bed taxes are not the answer.
“We are disappointed that the Productivity Commission’s draft report has taken the path of least resistance in recommending bed taxes, rather than a thoughtful and detailed analysis of the issues and complexities of local government funding,” said TIA Chief Executive Chris Roberts. “The solution suggested by the Commission fails to meet its principles of efficiency, equity and fairness, and sustainability.”
Expert analysis by Horwath HTL calculates there are 140 million international and domestic visitor nights a year in New Zealand. However, only 35% of these nights are spent in commercial or peer-to-peer accommodation. The majority of travellers stay with family and friends, in student accommodation (international students), free camping and other non-paid accommodation.
“So a bed tax would miss the majority of travellers and add costs to a small set of operators who are already struggling with increases to wages and compliance costs, at a time when tourism is slowing,” Roberts said.
TIA’s proposal is that Central Government makes an annual calculation equivalent to 20% of the GST already collected from international visitors and distributes these funds via a Trust to local government to address local tourism-related needs. The allocation would be determined by the measured level of visitor impact on each local authority.
Based on 2018 data, this would raise $335 million a year, enough to make a real difference to regional development. “New Zealand doesn’t need new taxes. What we need is to find ways to better share the taxes and charges we already collect," said Roberts.
To read TIA’s submission to the Productivity Commission on local government funding and financing, click here. The submission includes a calculation of how much each council could receive from the proposed GST fund.